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Saturday, 29 December 2018


Seven Forgotten Natural Wonders of the World

The list of seven forgotten natural wonders includes those majestic creations of nature which have inspired awe and admiration of human minds in the recent past.

1.Angel Falls(Venezuela)

Angel Falls is the world’s highest free-falling waterfall at 979 m (3,212 ft), with a clear drop of 807 m (2,647 ft). It is located in the Canaima National Park, in the Gran Sabana region of Bolivar State, Venezuela. The height of the falls is so great that before getting anywhere near the ground, the water is buffeted by the strong winds and turned into mist.

2.The Bay of Fundy(Canada/USA)

Bay of Fundy, large tidal inlet of the North Atlantic Ocean, separating the provinces of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, and bordering on SE Maine. It is about 275 km (about 171 mi) long and up to 80 km (about 50 mi) wide. In the E, Fundy divides into two arms, Chignecto Bay on the N and Minas Channel (which leads into Minas Basin) on the S. The funnel effect of these narrowing arms increases the tidal range of the bay, and at times the water in the arms rises by as much as 18 m (about 60 ft), creating one of the world’s highest tides. The tidal surge in Chignecto Bay produces a large crested wave, or bore, ranging to 1.8 m (about 6 ft) in height, in the lower Petitcodiac R. The rising tide in Fundy proper creates a “reversing falls” on the lower Saint John R., at Saint John, N.B. Passamaquoddy Bay, a W arm of Fundy, forms part of the boundary between New Brunswick and Maine. Although Fundy is very deep, navigation is difficult because of the rapid rise and fall of the tide. Major deepwater harbours are located at St. John and at Digby and Hantsport, N.S. Fundy National Park borders the bay in New Brunswick. The bay was discovered by the French explorer Pierre du Guast, sieur de Monts, in 1604.

3.Iguazu Falls(Argentina/Brazil)

Iguazu Falls, Iguassu Falls, or Iguacu Falls are waterfalls of the Iguazu River located on the border of the Brazilian state of Parana and the Argentine province of Misiones. The falls divide the river into the upper and lower Iguazu.

4.Krakatoa Island(Indonesia)

Krakatoa (Indonesian name: Krakatau, Portuguese name: Krakatao) is a volcanic island in the Sunda Strait between Java and Sumatra in Indonesia. It has erupted repetitively massively and with devastating consequences throughout recorded history. The best known eruption occurred in a chain of huge explosions on August 26-27, 1883. Several years of regional seismicity resulted in the famous caldera-forming eruption of August 1883.

5.Mount Fuji of Japan(Japan)

Fuji or Fujiyama, also Fuji-no-Yama or Fujisan, is in Japan, S Honshu Island, near Tokyo. Fuji, the celebrated sacred volcano and the highest mountain in Japan, rises as a cone to a height of 3776 m (12,389 ft) above sea level, with the apex broken by a cone-shaped crater 610 m (2000 ft) in diametre. The S slopes extend to the shore of Suruga Bay, and the isolated peak can be seen from many of the outlying prefectures. The mountain is part of Fuji-Hakone-Izu National Park. According to legend, Fuji arose from the plain during a single night in 286 BC. The most recent recorded eruption of Fuji lasted from Nov. 24, 1707, until Jan. 22, 1708. As the sacred mountain of Japan, it is visited annually by thousands of pilgrims from all parts of the country, and numerous shrines and temples are on its slopes. Fuji is also revered in Japanese literature and art.

6.Mount Kilimanjaro(Tanzania)

Kilimanjaro, the highest mountain in Africa, located in northeastern Tanzania, near the border with Kenya. Kilimanjaro is a dormant volcano. Its two peaks stand 11 km (7 mi) apart and are connected by a broad ridge. Kibo, the higher peak, rises to 5,895 m (19,341 ft) above sea level, and the summit of Mawensi is 5,149 m (16,893 ft) above sea level. Although Kilimanjaro lies 3° south of the equator, an ice cap covers the crater of Kibo year-round; this ice cap is pierced by several small craters. “The Snows of Kilimanjaro” (1938), one of the most famous stories of American writer Ernest Hemingway, is set in the region. Kilimanjaro has a number of different vegetation zones on its steep slopes. Coffee and plantains are grown on the lower slopes of Kilimanjaro. The mountain was successfully scaled for the first time in 1889 by German geographer Hans Meyer and Austrian mountain climber Ludwig Purtscheller.

7.Niagara Falls(Canada/USA)

Niagara Falls are massive waterfalls on the Niagara River, straddling the international border separating the Canadian province of Ontario and the U.S. state of New York. The falls are 17 miles (27 km) north-northwest of Buffalo, New York, 75 miles (120 km) south-southeast of Toronto, Ontario, between the twin cities of Niagara Falls, Ontario, and Niagara Falls, New York.

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